Children's Cancer Foundation Over 30 years of caring service
Children's Palliative Care Foundation
Children's Palliative Care Foundation

About Childhood Cancer

About Childhood Cancer

Diagnosis & Treatment Glossary

Here are some of the common terms used in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood cancer.


Please select an alphabet to view a list of terms starting with that letter:


Any cancer of connective tissue.

Stem cell

An immortal cell that is able to produce all the cells within an organ.  The term is most usually applied to the haemopoietic stem cells of the bone marrow.

Striated muscle

A tissue comprising the bulk of the body’s musculature.


The branch of medicine that treats injuries, deformities, or disease by operation or manipulation.

Synovial sarcoma

The rare, malignant (cancerous) tumor most often occurs near the knee, but can also occur near other joints, mainly in the arms and legs. 


Oxford Concise English-Chinese Medical Dictionary (Second Edition 2000), Oxford University Press
Churchill’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary (Fourth Edition 2004), Longman
Online Merriam Webster dictionary at www.merriam-webster.com



Special thanks should be given to Mrs. Rosita Lie, Dr. Alan K.S. Chiang, Dr. Ha Shau-yin, Dr. Vincent Lee, Dr. Li Chi-keung, Dr. Li Chi-kong, Dr. Rever Li Chak-ho and Dr. Yuen Hui-leung for editorial review.