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Children's Palliative Care Foundation
Children's Palliative Care Foundation

About Childhood Cancer

About Childhood Cancer

Diagnosis & Treatment Glossary

Here are some of the common terms used in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood cancer.


Please select an alphabet to view a list of terms starting with that letter:


An abnormal paleness of the skin, due to anaemia.

Peripheral blood stem cell transplant

A new technique in which stem cells are obtained from a patient’s blood and used in bone marrow transplantation.

Positron emission tomography (PET)

A technique used to evaluate activity of brain and other body tissues by measuring the emission of radioactive particles from molecules of radiation-labelled 2-deoxyglucose.

Philadelphia chromosome

An abnormally short chromosome 22 that is found in the hematopoietic cells of persons affected with chronic myelogenous leukaemia and lacks the major part of its long arm which has usually undergone translocation to chromosome 9.


Any artificial device that is attached to the body as an aid.


Oxford Concise English-Chinese Medical Dictionary (Second Edition 2000), Oxford University Press
Churchill’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary (Fourth Edition 2004), Longman
Online Merriam Webster dictionary at www.merriam-webster.com



Special thanks should be given to Mrs. Rosita Lie, Dr. Alan K.S. Chiang, Dr. Ha Shau-yin, Dr. Vincent Lee, Dr. Li Chi-keung, Dr. Li Chi-kong, Dr. Rever Li Chak-ho and Dr. Yuen Hui-leung for editorial review.