Diagnosis and Treatment Glossary

Here are some of the common terms used in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood cancer.  

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Chronic myeloid leukaemia

Myelogenous leukaemia that is marked by an abnormal increase in mature and immature granulocytes (as neutrophils, eosinophils, and myelocytes) especially in bone marrow and blood, that is characterised by fatigue, weakness, loss of appetite, spleen and liver enlargement, anaemia, thrombocytopenia, and ultimately a dangerous increase in blast cells and especially myeloblasts and lymphoblasts, that occurs especially in adults, and that is associated with the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome.